Stralingsbeperkende maatregelen overheden internationaal
In tientallen landen zijn er al wettelijke maatregelen genomen om blootstelling aan EM-velden (straling) drastisch te verminderen. Het gaat hier om EM-velden afkomstig van: mobiele telefoons, tablets, laptops, Wi-Fi, Dect-telefoons enz.
Vooral kinderen dienen extra beschermd te worden. Hier een overzicht van genomen maatregelen.
Governments and Health Authorities are Taking Action
Voor volledigere versie met specificatie over de aangenomen wetten zie: http://ehtrust.org/policy/international-policy-actions-on-wireless/
France: 2016 The National Agency of Health Security of Food, Environment and Labour Report recommends the following:
- WiFi Banned in Nursery Schools: WIFI and Wireless devices will be banned in “the spaces dedicated to home, to rest and activities of children under 3 years”.
- WiFi on “OFF” as Default to Minimize Exposures in Schools: In elementary schools,WIFI routers should be turned off when not in use.
- Schools Will be Informed: The school board should be informed when new tech equipment is being installed.....
Belgium: Cell phones and cell phone ads are banned for young children and SAR labeling is mandatory. Official government recommendations to reduce exposures are on the government website. Some municipalities have banned wifi for young children.
Spain: Several municipalities have passed resolutions urging the removal of wireless networks in schools and public places and recommending a precautionary approach with children and information campaigns to educate the public.
Canada: The health agency offers”practical advice” to reduce exposure to children. The Parliament issued a Radiofrequency Report recommending action to protect public health. A law was introduced to label wireless devices with health warnings.
Australia: The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency has issued a Fact Sheet titled How to Reduce exposure from mobile phones and other wireless devices and recommends reducing exposure to children.
Italy: A Parliament voted to enact the precautionary principle and reduce wireless exposures whenever possible. The Supreme Court ruled a man’s brain tumor was caused by his cell phone use.
Finland: The Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority officially recommends reduced exposure for children since 2009 and details advice to reduce exposure to the public.
Israel: Smartphones are banned in schools for schoolwork. The Ministry of Health recommends reducing exposures the cell phone radiation and states “Precautions should be strictly enforced with regard to children, who are more sensitive to developing cancer. The Israeli Government created the public education webpage National Information Ctr for Non-Ionizing Radiation. Wi-Fi is banned in kindergartens and limited to a weekly amount in elementary grades. The Israeli Ministry Of Education has issued guidelines limiting WiFi and cell phone use in schools.
Switzerland: The Switzerland Federal Office for the Environment has issued specific guidelines to reduce exposure and has created factsheets for the public. The Governing Council of Thurgau Canton recommends for schools” to forgo the use of wireless networks when the structural makeup of a given school building allows for a wired network.
Germany: The Federal Office for Radiation Protection provides tips for reducing radiation exposure to smartphones, tablets and wireless devices and several states recommend wired rather than wireless installations in schools.
Austria: The Public Health Department of Salzburg Region recommends against wireless in schools. No Wi-Fi in Salzberg Schools and many schools are Wi-Fi free. The Austrian Medical Society has issued cell phone safety guidelines.
India: Official “Precautionary Guidelines for mobile users” detail steps to reduce exposures. The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology has issued EMF guidelines with Exposure Limits lowered to 1/10 of the ICNIRP level, SAR labeling on phones. Some states have banned cell towers from schools. Many reports have been issued detailing research showing impacts to the environment.
Russia: The Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection has issued strong recommendations to reduce exposure to children and issued several reports.
European Environment Agency: The agency recommends reducing exposures to protect public health and has published reports detailing the rationale for these recommendations.
United Kingdom: The UK National Health Service offers specific recommendations to reduce cell phone radiation exposure to children to lower long term potential risks.
Cyprus:The Cyprus National Committee on Environment and Child Health has issued strong recommendations to reduce wireless exposure and created a public education campaign with multiple videos and brochures to raise awareness among families, doctors and policymakers.
Taiwan: In 2015 the government Updated their Protection of Children and Youths Welfare and Rights Act to include a complete ban on children under the age of two from using electronic devices such as iPads, televisions and smartphones.
European Parliament: Issued Resolution 1815: In 2011 The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe issued The Potential Dangers of Electromagnetic Fields and Their Effect on the Environment.
United States: Legislation has been introduced at the state and national level. Some Communities have issued proclamations, resolutions and and started initiatives to inform the public of wireless health issues.
Argentina: 2016 National law on electromagnetic pollution proposed: The law proposes a regulatory framework to radio infrastructure with radiant systems, antennas and all installations capable of generating electromagnetic radiation in order to ensure the protection of public health
Greece: The Greek government's website recommends reducing cell phone radiation to children under 16 and they inform citizens of non-ionizing radiation power levels in their community. Greek Law mandates lower RF exposures near schools, nurseries and hospitals. Cell antennae are prohibited from being on top of schools and nurseries.
Singapore: Singapore’s National Environmental Agency specifically advises precautions. Below is the exact text found on the Frequently asked Questions About Radiation Protection.
“What is NEA’s advice to the public on the proper way of using mobile phones amidst all the concerns?
While further research is being carried out to study the long-term health effects of RF field, individuals could take precautionary measures to reduce RF exposure to themselves or their children by limiting the length of calls, or using ‘hands-free’ devices to keep the mobile phones away from the head and body.”
Turkey: The Ministry of Health has issued public information brochures that recommend limiting exposure especially for pregnant women and children. In addition the Ministry is developing regulation on prohibiting phone use for children. The EMF in schools is monitored and the public can get measurements on EMF levels from cell towers and schools at a national site.
Namibia: Namibia’s atomic energy review report states that current so called “safety” standards DO NOT protect citizens from long term health effects.
“ICNIRP guidelines do not guarantee adequate protection against the long term effects of exposure, such as increased risk of cancer. “ -Republic of Namibia: Atomic Energy Board: The Atomic Energy Review
Chile: 2012, Law No 20.599, The Antennae Law ‘Regulates the installation of antennas used for the emission and transmission of telecommunications services’ This law limits the power of antennas, reduces urban impact of towers through ‘infrastructure sharing’ opens up a process for citizen participation in the approval or denial process, establishes mitigation measures in areas that are saturated with antennas and prohibits towers near “sensitive areas” institutions serving children, the elderly and medically compromised.
Tanzania: 2014: Director General of Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC), Mr Idy Mkilaha publicly endorses precaution. Mr Mkilaha says that when weighing up this convenient tool with the questionable health impact control, caution and measures must be taken to reduce one's exposure from radio frequency (RF) emissions from the cell phone to prevent health hazards...According to TAEC, we should use hands-free devices or wireless headset to increase the distance between the phone and our heads. This is the best approach because it creates distance between us and the radiating phone…
Denmark: Denmark Board of Health states: As a precautionary measure, the Board of Health recommends a series of simple steps you should follow to reduce exposure from mobile phones: Use the headset or handsfree with earbud, conversation, or use the speakerphone feature and When possible, use text instead of call
Ireland: The Chief Medical Officer of the Department of Health and Children strongly advises that children and young people who do use mobile phones, should be encouraged to use mobile phones for “essential purposes only” All calls should be kept short as talking for long periods prolongs exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.